In some time in your life, say your adolescent years, or lately, you may have come across some pimples on your face or other parts of the skin. Or worse yet, that hideous acne that is sitting right on top of your nose or forehead! What causes these to pop up? Well, according to the information we got from MedicineNet.com, there are several factors that cause acne, but with the advancement of medicine, there are also several facial acne treatments (perawatan wajah berjerawat) available in the market, or better yet, you might be surprised that you may have some available at home. Curious? Want to know more?
Let’s start by understanding what acne is.
Acne (acne vulgaris, common acne) is a disease of the hair follicles of the face, chest, and back that affects most teenagers during puberty. It is not caused by bacteria, although bacteria play a role in its development. It is not unusual for some women to develop acne in their mid- to late-20s.
What could cause acne?
No one factor causes acne. Acne occurs when sebaceous (oil) glands attached to the hair follicles are stimulated at the time of puberty or due to other hormonal changes. Sebum (oil) is a natural substance that lubricates and protects the skin. Associated with increased oil production is a change in the manner in which the skin cells mature, predisposing them to plug the follicular pore. The plug can appear as a whitehead if it is covered by a thin layer of skin, or if exposed to the air, the darker exposed portion of the plug is called a “blackhead.”
The plugged hair follicle gradually enlarges, producing a bump. As the follicle enlarges, the wall may rupture, allowing irritating substances and normal skin bacteria access into the deeper layers of the skin, ultimately producing inflammation. Inflammation near the skin’s surface produces a pustule; deeper inflammation results in a papule (pimple); if the inflammation is deeper still, it forms a cyst.
Here are some factors that don’t usually play a direct role in acne:
Food: Parents often tell teens to avoid pizza, greasy and fried foods, and junk food. While these foods may not be good for overall health, they don’t play an important causal role in acne. Although some recent studies have implicated a high-carbohydrate diet, milk, and pure chocolate in aggravating acne, these findings are far from established.
Dirt: Blackheads are oxidized oil, not dirt. Sweat does not cause acne and is produced by entirely separate glands in the skin. On the other hand, excessive washing can dry and irritate the skin.
Stress: Some people get so upset by their pimples that they pick at them and make them last longer. Stress, however, does not play much of a direct role in causing acne.
In occasional patients, the following may be contributing factors:
Heredity: If one of your parents had severe acne, it is likely that your acne will be more difficult to control.
Pressure: In some patients, pressure from helmets, chin straps, collars, suspenders, and the like can aggravate acne.
Drugs: Some medications may cause or worsen acne, such as those containing iodides, bromides, or oral or injected steroids (either the medically prescribed prednisone [Deltasone, Orasone, Prednicen-M, Liquid Pred] or the steroids that bodybuilders or athletes sometimes take). Other drugs that can cause or aggravate acne are anticonvulsant medications and lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid). Most cases of acne, however, are not drug-related.
Occupations: In some jobs, exposure to industrial products like cutting oils may produce acne.
Cosmetics: Some cosmetics and skin care products are pore clogging (“comedogenic”). Of the many available brands of skin care products, it is important to read the list of ingredients and choose those which have water listed first or second if one is concerned about acne. These “water-based” products are usually best for those with acne.
Of course, we can’t do anything with acne that is caused by heredity, however, we can help ourselves by getting treatments.
Here is what you can do to get rid of acne:
- Lifestyle change
- Topical ointments
- Refrain from irritating the acne
- Antibacterial cleansers
- Use a make-up that is non-comedogenic
There are several ways to fight against acne. If you are keen to share your tips on how to treat acne (perawatan wajah berjerawat), please write us a comment.